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The cervix

Source: http://www.macmillan.org.uk/Cancerinformation/Cancertypes/Cervix/Aboutce...
The cervix is the lower part of the womb (uterus) and is often called the neck of the womb. It joins the womb to the top of the vagina. It is possible for your doctor or nurse to see and feel the cervix during an internal (vaginal) examination.
Close to the cervix is a collection of lymph nodes. These are small glands, about the size of a bean. The lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system.

Scientists Identify How Virus Triggers Cervical And Mouth Cancer

Article Date: 15 Dec 2010 - 3:00 PDT
Source: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/211480.php
University of Manchester scientists have discovered for the first time an important new way in which the human papilloma virus (HPV) triggers cancer in what could lead to new treatments for cervical and mouth cancer.

HPV infection is known to increase the risk of developing cancers of the cervix and mouth with the two high-risk forms of the virus accounting for approximately 70% of all cervical cancer cases.

Incompetent Cervix : Weakened Cervix

Source: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/incompetentcervi...
During pregnancy, as the baby grows and gets heavier, it presses on the cervix. This pressure may cause the cervix to start to open before the baby is ready to be born. This condition is called incompetent cervix or weakened cervix, and it may lead to a miscarriage or premature delivery. However, an incompetent cervix happens in only about 1 out of 100 pregnancies.
What causes an incompetent or weakened cervix?
A weakened cervix can be caused by one or more of the following conditions:

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